Sun Safety

August 3, 2015

Repeated exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation places workers at risk for various forms of skin cancer and eye diseases. Skin cancer is not usually the result of a single, painful sunburn. Small changes occur to the skin each time it is exposed to sunlight and repeated exposure can cause progressive damage to the skin’s biological structure. Skin cancer is the most commonly occurring cancer in the United States, and the number of skin cancer cases in the United States continues to rise each year. The American Cancer Society estimates that over one million cases of skin cancer are diagnosed in the United States each year. Skin cancers related to sun exposure include squamous cell cancer, basal cell cancer, and melanoma. UV radiation also damages the sensitive retinal and corneal areas of the eyes. Long term exposure can cause macular degeneration, cataracts, tissue growths such as pterygium, and cancer of the eyelids. These disorders affect vision and in some cases cause blindness. The sun’s rays are most intense and damaging during the summer months. The greatest exposure occurs from 10:00am until 4:00pm, but you can still get a sunburn during cloudy weather, other seasons, and other times of the day. The areas of the body most at risk are: back of the neck, ears, face,eyes, and arms. These and other body parts can be easily protected by wearing proper clothing, sunglasses, an

Posted in Health Tips by CorpOHS | Tags: , , ,
May 4, 2015

Lyme disease is the leading cause of vector-borne infectious illness in the U.S. with about 25,000 cases reported annually. The disease is also probably greatly underreported, so the true number of infected individuals may be much larger. Maryland is one of ten states with 90% of reported cases of Lyme disease. The other nine states are Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, Massachusetts, and Wisconsin. Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, which is carried primarily by deer ticks. The young ticks are often no larger than the head of a pin, which can make them nearly impossible to spot. The larger, flat bodied “dog ticks” do not transmit Lyme disease. If a deer tick is attached to your skin for less than 24 hours, your chance of getting Lyme disease is very small. If an attached tick is discovered, use fine-tipped tweezers to grasp the tick as close to the skin surface as possible. Pull upward with steady, even pressure. Don’t twist or jerk the tick; this can cause the mouth parts to break off and remain in the skin. If this happens, remove the mouthparts with tweezers. If you are unsuccessful in removing the tick, or if mouth parts remain in the skin, consult a physician. After removing the tick, thoroughly clean the bite area and your hands with rubbing alcohol, or soap and water. Avoid folklore remedies such as “pain